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types of crabs

They’re also one of the largest species of edible crab, with shells sometimes spanning 11 inches (and a leg span of 6 feet)! Compared to the size of other popular types of edible crabs, the Peekytoe crab is a medium-sized crab. A single crab can weigh up to 4 lbs (1.8 kg) and up to one-quarter of its weight is tasty crab meat. Types Of Crabs - There are about 850 types of crabs that are found throughout tropical and semi-tropical regions. Blue crab claws are also available. Their soft curved bodies can retract into hard shells left behind by various types of snails. Bairdi crabs are a member of the snow crab species and one of the few types of edible crabs. You can boil them in a similar way to Blue crab and they have a rich sweet taste. Horsehair crabs are generally found in the waters around Alaska and Northern Japan. Another species of hermit crabs, the Coenobita rugosus, looks very similar to the Ecuadorian crabs except for a few key differences. These animals usually live in intertidal zones, such as the shores of beaches, estuaries and mangroves. Types of Tea: Varieties of Tea With Their Flavor, Caffeine Content and More, The Tastiest and Most Exciting Types of Cheese You Didn't Know About, Types of Bread: 20 Different Bread Types from Around the World (With Pictures and Names), Types of Cuisine From Around the World With Their Popular Foods, Types of Crabs: Different Kinds of Crabs from Around the World (with Pictures), Types of Fish with Their Name, Picture, and Flavor, Types of Oysters with Their Name, Picture, and Flavor. var _g1; These crabs are found in the warm waters in Central America and the East Coast of the US. The puget sound king crab is also one kind of many species of king crab. An adult green crab may only average about 2” (5 cm) and they have been a popular food source for hundreds of years. The taste of Horsehair crab meat is described as sweet and delicate and is considered as one of the best tasting crab. Unlike some other kinds of edible crabs, you can easily break open the legs to get to the meat. Red King crab is a popular type of edible Alaskan crab. Golden crabs are not as popular as the other types of crabs in Florida because they are harder to find. One of the reasons Dungeness crabs are so popular is due to their sweet-tasting meat. Blue crabs are a type of swimming crab that have 2 paddle-like feet to help it swim. They are also called Tanner crabs and are a variety of the Snow crab. For example, the name ‘coconut crab’ is because of their ability to climb up palms, pick coconuts, and then open them on the ground. Snow crabs (Chionoecetes opilio) are also called rock crabs and are a type of Alaskan crab with long legs. These crabs are incredibly sweet—and many aficionados prefer them to any other type of crab. They have meat that is tender and sweet, and they are some of the most heavily harvested animals on the planet. The body of this dark-brown colored crab can grow up to 7” (17 cm) across. If chefs wish to learn which claws have the most meat, they float them in a tank of water. Scroll below to know more. Analysis of some of these crabs are as follows; 1. The Horseshoe crab is a type of arthropod and, despite their name, are not a true variety of crab. In fact, Hermit crabs consider their shells so important that they are known to kill other Hermit crabs in order to steal their shell. The Brown crab (Cancer pagurus) is an edible crab with a reddish-brown shell, legs, and claws. In the first list we have atlantic rock crab or also known as Cancer irroratus for its scientific name.This species of crab can’t be underestimated because of its small size which is only about 13 mm. Blue crabs: By far the most common fresh crab is the blue crab. If you can obtain a naturally sweet species like flower crab, go light on the seasoning to let the natural flavor of the crab come through. The Latin name for blue crabs means “beautiful swimmer,” and the name suits it well because it is a beautiful, blue-green-colored crab. Even though they are a beautiful blue color, they do change to a reddish color as other crabs when they are cooked. Also called a robber crab or a palm thief, the coconut crab is the largest land-living arthropod in the world, getting up to nine pounds in weight and up to sixteen inches long. These brownish-red colored claws (chelae) with black tips are the same color as its hard outer shell. The crab’s carapace usually measures up to 6.5” (17 cm) wide, making this a medium to large-sized crab. _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-mobile-inverted-img'); Of course, the length of the long spindly legs means that it may take a bit of work to get all of the tasty flaky white meat out. Blue Crabs. Like many crab species, they are nocturnal and spend the day hiding or defending their homes on the reef or rock walls from trespassers. One of the most interesting aspects of horseshoe crabs is that they have been around some 500-million years, and they are found along the Atlantic coast from Nova Scotia to the Yucatan, as well as Asian coasts, the Philippines, and India. In the waters of U.S. Pacific Ocean we can find three major types of crabs which are the Alaskan king crab, the Dungeness crab and the Snow crab. This is where geothermic energy is released into sea water due to holes in the earth's crust. The Peekytoe crab (Cancer irroratus) is a brown rock crab species that thrives in cold waters in the Atlantic Ocean. 456. The meat from cooked Blue crabs is described as salty-sweet. Catching these crabs requires a cold storage unit on the fishing boat in order to replicate the crab’s natural environment in the deep seas. When it comes to taste, the spider crab has a sweeter taste than brown varieties of crab. Nayturr Although there are dozens of different types of crabs, only a handful dominate the market: Alaska king crab: The Alaska king crab, the largest of all crabs, is mostly sold as cooked and frozen meat from the legs and claws. Types of Mangrove Crabs Fiddler Crab. 15 Different Types of Ivy (Plus Essential Facts), 4 Types of Fossil Fuels (Plus Interesting Facts), Three Types of Mammals (Plus Examples for Each). These crabs are also known as calling crabs, and belong to the family Ocypodidae. 3. Introduction . However, the Florida stone crab is found in warmer seas in the Gulf of Mexico, on the coast of Florida, and in salt marshes in some US states. An adult brown crab can weigh up to 6.6 lbs (3 kg) with about one-third of its weight being meat. 5. by Aaron Baldwin. Coconut crabs eat meats, nuts, fruits, and seeds, and one aspect that makes them unique is their inability to survive for long periods of time under the water – in fact, they will eventually drown if they are underwater for too long. This is a medium-sized crab variety with the carapace being between 6” and 9” (15 – 22 cm) wide. Compared to the size of other popular types of edible crabs, the Peekytoe crab is a medium-sized crab. Soft-shell crabs. Some species are now endangered because of habitat loss as well as intensive hunt which leads to 1½ million tons of crabs cooked alive every year. Bairdi crabs are also called “true” crabs, and their pincer claws are in the front of their legs. Blue crabs are also a popular type of crab to serve as a soft-shelled crab. It is not so much an exploration of the different families of crabs as an examination of what kinds of places crabs live with examples of individual species. Bairdi crabs have short tails and are very specialized. The meat can be eaten plain, stuffed into spring rolls, scattered on salads, or used in other creative ways. The brown shell turns a lighter shade of brown when cooked. Many people regard crab as one of the tastiest types of seafood you can choose from. The meat of the female crabs is a brown type of crab meat that has a rich flavor. You can usually find king crabs at the bottom of the ocean or on muddy, sandy floors at a depth of anywhere from 90 – 300 feet. It is also called the ‘hairy crab’ due to the spiky hairs on its body. Soft-shell crabs are blue crabs that have molted. Snow crabs (rock crabs) are a type of edible Alaskan crab. The meat extracted from the claws is one of the best to eat – it is sweet and succulent with a firm texture. The Brown crab is one of the most popular varieties of crab in the United Kingdom. These large-sized crabs are found in the waters around the East Coast of the US, the Gulf of Mexico, Japan, and Europe. Moreover, each long leg of the Coconut crab can be as wide as three feet in span, although their maximum size isn’t reached until they are roughly forty to sixty years old. With a firm texture and a taste that is sweet and succulent, stone crabs have to be 2 to 2.75 ounces in size. Puget sound king crab is the next types of ocean crabs. The reason they are called. Like other types of crabs, it is only legal to harvest the male King crabs, and the meat is snowy white with a yummy, delicate flavor and an outer edge that is bright red in color. With the Florida Stone crab, it is only the meat from the large claws that is consumed. Brown crabs have an oval body with edging that looks like a pie crust. } It is generally boiled in salt water to cook it. You can find them in the depth of 450 feet. Crabs are a type of crustacean that belong to the order Brachyura. One type of edible freshwater crab is the Southern European crab (Potamon fluviatile). _g1.classList.remove('lazyload'); However, it is most commonly found in the area stretching from Texas to Massachusetts. Many people say that coconut crabs taste like a cross between a crab and a lobster. Snow crabs found in the Bering Sea can be found approximately 650 feet below the surface, in sandy or muddy environments. Alaskan waters house an array of these delicious crab breeds that are ready to be split open for your next meal. Northern Kelp Crab Pugettia producta Typical size: 1-3” across carapace ID: Smooth carapace top. The Southern European crab is a type of small edible freshwater crab. They are found in the waters from Alaska to the Baja area of Mexico and are named for a town called Dungeness, which was formerly found in Washington State. _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-inverted-source'); Although the King crabs are quite large, only about one-fourth of it is actually edible – mainly the claws and the legs. This is when a crab has just shed its outer shell (exoskeleton) and the new one hasn’t hardened yet. The crab varieties come by these names due to the color of their shells. Of all of the Snow crab varieties, this type of crab is by far the largest, and it can be steamed, boiled, grilled, sautéed, or even roasted. Different species of crab really vary in size and in their behaviour. The Latin name for blue crabs means “beautiful swimmer,” and the name suits it well because it is a beautiful, blue-green-colored crab. This page takes a look at some the most interesting types of crabs and how they live. Their size could reach up to 10 inches. Of all of the Snow crab varieties, this type of crab is by far the largest, and it can be steamed, boiled, grilled, sautéed, or even roasted. The crabs with less meat will float to the top of the tank, and they then sell those crabs as “lights.”. Stone crabs have large claws that are very hard and have a lot of meat on the inside. Of course, this is not to say you should pick up a horseshoe crab by the tail, because that action can harm the animal. This crab can be found in the ocean along the Pacific Coast. This becomes a deep red color when cooked. From the many species of king crab, Red King crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) is a popular type of Alaskan crab. When caught in the wild, Red King crabs have light brown jaggy body. They are decapods that can get up to four pounds in weight, and their diet consists mostly of clams, worms, and other crustaceans found on the ocean bottom. Alaskan crab is more a crustacean rather than a true crab. Dungeness crabs are very large, usually weighing from 1.75 to 4 pounds, and they have a color that is purplish-brown. Not only do the shells protect the abdomen, but the crabs can also hide within them whenever necessary. As hermit crabs grow, they have to discard their shells and look for larger ones. Because this crab looks like a horseshoe, this is how the item gets its name. The Chesapeake Bay, bordered by Virginia and Maryland, is famous for its blue crabs. Most varieties of crab have hard outer shell (called an exoskeleton), 3 walking legs on either side of their body, and 2 pinching claws. Photo: basykes / flickr / CC-BY 2.0. For simply steamed legs, try this King Crab Leg recipe. This is a type of green crab that is generally found in rivers and streams in Italy, Greece and the Balkans. Soft-Shell Crabs. Let’s look in more detail at some of the most popular types of crabs that you can eat. The taste and look of the sweet crab meat depend on the sex of the crustacean. It has a large body which can measure up to 16” (40 cm) in width. They also have a unique form of protecting themselves, as they usually use one of their legs – which contains a small circular groove at the base – to snap off a leg should it be held by a predator or get entangled to the point where it cannot escape any other way. Much of the delicious white meat is found in the legs of the Red King crab that can have a span of nearly 5 ft. (1.8 m)! Its carapace can grow up to 5.25” (13 cm) in diameter. Actually, the coconut crab is a type of hermit crab. Compared to varieties of seawater crabs, the Southern European crab is tiny in comparison. This is because, without freezing, stone crabs can have an iodine taste that is not very pleasant. They have … They like to have them stuck to whatever shell they are in. The largest crab species is fished from October to January in Norton Sound, Alaska, and the Bering Sea. Their popular name is a misnomer, as they are not true crabs, nor even crustaceans, as crabs are, but a different order of arthropod.. Ocean crabs live in deeper waters, and some species even inhabit places as inhospitable as hydrothermal oceanic vents. Snow Crab. Search for a species: Advanced search. Horseshoe crabs are marine and brackish water arthropods of the family Limulidae, suborder Xiphosurida, and order Xiphosura. As its name suggests, the Blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) has blue colored shell and legs when caught in the wild. Other commercially important taxa include Portunus pelagicus, several species in the genus Chionoecetes, the blue crab (Callinectes sapidus), Charybdis spp., Cancer pagurus, the Dungeness crab (Metacarcinus magister), and Scylla serrata, each of which yields more than 20,000 tonnes annually. In fact, species of king crabs are among some of the largest types of crabs on the planet. Cooked Dungeness crabs take on a light pink to red color. They have a sweet, succulent flesh that is pink in color, and their prime season is Winter time. These ‘crabs’ are more closely related to squat lobsters. They are very commonly found on Florida beaches, and they have a spike-like tail that many people consider dangerous, even though it is completely harmless. Hermit crabs make up a group of crabs in the Paguroidea superfamily and can include marine crabs and land hermit crabs. Atlantic Rock Crab. In order to grow larger, crabs have to shed their old shell and form a new one. Apart from the blue color of its shell, one of the identifying features of this popular crab variety is the shape of its body (carapace). This is not a problem for them, because they can grow another leg from the scar where the last one was found. Blue Crab . This type of crab is identified by its brown color and purplish spots on its hard shell. The main types of Alaskan Crab are the following: Alaskan King crab, Red King crab, Blue King crab, Golden King Crab, Russian King crab, Jonah crab, Dungeness crab, Snow crab, Tanner crab, Opilio, and Biardi. The anemone benefits by receiving food scrapes from the crab, while the crab benefits by getting a bit of extra protection and camouflage. In recent years, Bairdi crabs have suffered due to overfishing, which has resulted in strict controls being placed over fisheries that specialize in this type of crab. Although this is an edible type of crab, it is rarely eaten because of its low meat content. Visit the Atlas Pages for the Crabs of BC . It is also a variety of the Hermit crab, although it doesn’t have a shell when it is fully grown as those crabs do. The jeweled anemone crab has a symbiotic relationship with two types of anemone. Blue Crab A native of the western edge of the Atlantic Ocean, the blue crab ranges from Nova Scotia to Argentina. Brown, brown-yellow, or dark red carapace. if ( localStorage.getItem(skinItemId ) ) { Its carapace can grow up to 5.25” (13 cm) in diameter. When cooked, its claws are a light pink to red color with black tips. These invertebrates are omnivores and consume algae, fungi, bacteria, other crustaceans, mollusks, and worms. Why is Volcanic Soil (Andisol) Very Fertile. _g1.setAttribute('src', _g1.getAttribute('data-src') ); Different crab species require different marine environments for survival. They are captured mostly through hooks and lines, baited pots, nets, and even by hand. 1. Certain crabs can also make a very tasty meal! Over their lifetime, Snow crabs usually migrate from shallow to deep waters. This type of crab is identified by its brown color and purplish spots on its hard shell. The snow crabs or Chionoecetes opilio in scientific terms, are a type of crab very popular in Alaska. Despite this large crab having a ferocious look of something out of a Sci-Fi movie, it is not an aggressive species. There are also Dungeness crabs and blue crabs where most of the succulent snow-white meat is in the body. Stone crabs are caught from October through March. These compact brown-orange crabs have a bumpy shell with orange or lightly-colored dots on it. Aside from its size, this small crab can actually be found in the depth until 790 m beneath the sea. They have sweet white meat that has an oilier texture than regular crab meat. It can be steamed, boiled, grilled, sautéed, or even roasted. This is certainly a giant among all the varieties of edible crabs. But unlike most hermit crabs, coconut crabs develop a hard, calcified shell for protection. For my money, pound for pound (and king crabs can weigh up to 10 pounds each), I’d go with Alaskan red king crab legs over lobster tail any day. Horseshoe crabs are from the Limulidae family and live in shallow coastal waters of the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific Oceans. The crabs are then returned to the ocean where they will grow a new claw within 18 months. They can be found down to 10 meters (33 ft) in the western and eastern Atlantic and Caribbean Sea. What’s The Difference Between Fog and Clouds? So, just how big is the Japanese spider crab? Here, learn all about the general identifying information for the most well-known edible types of crab. It belongs to the family Lithodidae which comprises of forty species. Coconut crabs inhabit islands in the Indian and Pacific oceans. For example, snow crabs live in the cold waters around Alaska, Greenland, Siberia, and Japan. In fact, its scientific name literally means ‘beautiful savory swimmer.’ These swimming crabs can grow to about 9” (23 cm) in width (excluding the length of the legs). The Dungeness crab is a relatively large type of ocean crab. There are around 1,300 species of freshwater crabs, distributed throughout the tropics and subtropics, divided among eight families. _g1.setAttribute('src', _g1.getAttribute('data-src') ); A sweet, easy staple at all-you-can-eat seafood buffets. Until around 1997, these crabs were a throwaway product and were considered of little use by most lobster fishermen. They’re sold live, cooked whole, frozen, and as picked meat. Use a cracker on the tough, spiny leg clusters to access long, thick spears of meat inside. They can also be called rock or bay crabs, although the rock crabs are usually actually a type called a snow crab. Usually, soft-shell crabs are consumed whole sautéed or deep-fried. This is not as large as the Red King crab, but can still weigh up to 18 lbs (8.2 kg). Different types of crabs inhabit cold saltwater regions, warm sea areas, bodies of fresh water, and they also live on the land. Dungeness crabs have very hard shells and five separate pairs of legs. These different types of crab can be cooked in numerous ways, although most people prefer to boil or steam their crab. The Horsehair crab (Erimacrus isenbeckii) is a popular crab variety in Japanese cuisine. Often called the Alaskan King crab, the Russian crab, or the Japanese crab, these crabs can get up to 25 pounds in weight and up to ten feet in size. Blue crab is a popular type of edible crab. The Florida Stone crab (Menippe mercenaria) is another popular type of marine crab that is prized for its delicious delicately-flavored meat. Horseshoe crabs have ten eyes and in fact, are not really crabs at all, being more closely related to animals such as scorpions, ticks, and even spiders. Fiddler crabs are easily recognizable by their claws clearly asymmetrical To narrow down the options, let’s look at some of the most popular types of pet crabs. You can eat hermit crabs; however, they are generally quite small and not worth the bother. Some of them make great pets, whereas others aren’t as suitable. This crab variety is prized for the amount of meat in its body. INTRODUCTION TO THE CRABS, SHRIMPS AND CRAYFISH OF BRITISH COLUMBIA (ORDER DECAPODA) Pacific Red Hermit Crab (Elassochirus gilli), photo by Aaron Baldwin. 2. The Peekytoe crab (Atlantic rock crab) is a type of cold ocean crab. } catch(e) {}. 13+ Different Types of Crabs. This species of crab is also found in the cold seas around Alaska and in the North Atlantic Ocean. Horseshoe crabs live primarily in and around shallow coastal waters on soft sandy or muddy bottoms. It also has various color such as orange, red, and purple. Another type of huge Alaskan king crab is the Blue King Crab (Paralithodes platypus). The enormous cold-water crab can weigh up to 42 lbs (19 kg)! For protection from predators, hermit crabs need to find empty shells that they will ‘live’ in. Among the three types the Alaskan king crab is known to be the popular crab with relatively high prices. Due to the hardness of the claws, you need a mallet or crab crackers to get to the meat. _g1.setAttribute('srcset', _g1.getAttribute('data-srcset')); The shallows at Three Tree Point are a good place to encounter this species. The bodies of these super-sized crustaceans can measure up to 11” (28 cm) across and weigh up to 28 lbs (nearly 13 kg). You will find Dungeness Crabs as far north as the Aleutian Islands, Alaska south as Magdalena Bay, Mexico. try { With Hermit crabs, lifespans and sizes vary greatly and in fact, they can live anywhere from a few months all the way up to thirty years. One species, Portunus trituberculatus, accounts for one-fifth of that total. The leg span can reach a massive 18 ft. (5.5 m) in length. They are also called ‘robber crabs’ or ‘palm thief’ as they are speculative creatures that will steal anything edible they can find. var _g1; When it comes to large crabs, the Red King crab is certainly one of the biggest crabs in the world. This type of crab is usually only captured by its pincers, because that is where the biggest amount of meat is stored and with a more delicate flavor. Hermit crabs are usually purchased as pets for children because they are fun to play with and very small. Their behavior has also earned them various names. The meat from male brown crabs is whiter and has a sweeter flavor. King crabs (Paralithodes camtschaticus) are counted as one of the best and most common types of edible crabs because of their large size and delightful taste. They are usually cracked open with a mallet and served with a variety of dipping sauces. Types of pet crabs Rainbow land crab and Halloween land crab. The King Crab. _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-mobile-inverted-source'); Similar to the Florida Stone crab, the claws of this seawater crab have black tips.

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